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Acute kidney injury due to tropical infectious diseases and animal venoms: a tale of 2 continents

TitleAcute kidney injury due to tropical infectious diseases and animal venoms: a tale of 2 continents
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBurdmann, EA, Jha, V
JournalKidney Int
Volumepii: S0085-2538(16)30641-X.
Date Published01/2017
ISBN Number1523-1755 (Electronic)<br/>0085-2538 (Linking)
Accession Number28088326
Abstract

South and Southeast Asia and Latin American together comprise 46 countries and are home to approximately 40% of the world population. The sociopolitical and economic heterogeneity, tropical climate, and malady transitions characteristic of the region strongly influence disease behavior and health care delivery. Acute kidney injury epidemiology mirrors these inequalities. In addition to hospital-acquired acute kidney injury in tertiary care centers, these countries face a large preventable burden of community-acquired acute kidney injury secondary to tropical infectious diseases or animal venoms, affecting previously healthy young individuals. This article reviews the epidemiology, clinical picture, prevention, risk factors, and pathophysiology of acute kidney injury associated with tropical diseases (malaria, dengue, leptospirosis, scrub typhus, and yellow fever) and animal venom (snakes, bees, caterpillars, spiders, and scorpions) in tropical regions of Asia and Latin America, and discusses the potential future challenges due to emerging issues.

Short TitleKidney Int.Kidney Int.
Alternate JournalKidney international
English